Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

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Aqua-Plano Indians of the Upper Great Lakes

The Aqua-Plano Indians of the Upper Great Lakes

Photo by contributor Thomas William Kirkbride - Posted March, 2006

The Aqua-Plano Indians of the Upper Great Lakes

Photo from Google Street View ©2017 Google - Posted July, 2017

Plaque Location

The District of Thunder Bay
The Township of Shuniah
About 5 km south of Highway 11/17
on the west side of Highway 587
which leads to Sleeping Giant Provincial Park

Coordinates: N 48 34.061 W 88 44.730


Click here for a larger map

Plaque Text

In 1950 archeological investigations in this area uncovered a site which had been used as a workshop camp by a group of the earliest known people in this part of the Upper Great Lakes basin. Called Aqua-Plano Indians because they migrated from the western plains to fossil beaches of glacial and post-glacial lakes in this region, they appeared about 9,000 years ago following the retreat of glaciers and the northward movement of plants and animals. They developed a distinctive tradition based primarily on large game hunting using weapons and specialized tools made of taconite, a stone that was obtained locally. Their way of life, which was closely related to the environment, disappeared as the climate grew warmer.

First Nations

Shuniah Plaques

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