Ontario's Historical Plaques 


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Champlain in Ontario, 1615

Champlain in Ontario

Photos and transcription by contributor Wayne Adam - Posted September, 2016

Champlain in Ontario

 

Champlain in Ontario

 

Champlain in Ontario

Photo Source - Wikipedia

Plaque Location

The County of Simcoe
The Town of Penetanguishene
In Rotary Champlain-Wendat Park
west of Main Street north of Water Street


Coordinates: N 44 46.204 W 79 56.383

Map

Click here for a larger map

[Note: the text on both sides of the three plaques is the same but is written in 6 languages, English, French, Montagnais-Innu, Anishinabe, Mohawk, Wendat]

Plaque Text

In April 1615, Samuel de Champlain (c.1574-1635) embarked from Honfleur, upon his seventh voyage to New France. Upon arrival in Quebec, Champlain was informed of increasing tensions with the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) the traditional rival of his Anishinabe (Algonquian) and Wendat (Huron) allies. He travelled west to Huronia on a diplomatic and military expedition where he visited several villages including Cahiagué, a large and important Wendat settlement. With a mixed force of 400-500 First Nations warriors and a few Europeans, Champlain travelled southeast along the Trent River system, crossed Lake Ontario and attacked a fortified Haudenosaunee village in present-day New York State. Lacking reinforcements, facing a formidable enemy and an early winter, the allies withdrew to Cahiagué with the wounded Champlain. During his recovery in Huronia he visited nearby Anishinabe and Tionontati (Petun) settlements. Although later European contact brought epidemics and escalating conflict that had a profound impact on indigenous peoples, the alliances that Champlain helped establish survived. He returned to France the following August and later published important detailed descriptions of the peoples, societies and landscapes of what would become Ontario.

Related Ontario plaques
Champlain's Journey of 1613
Champlain's War Party, 1615
Champlain's Astrolabe
Samuel de Champlain (died in 1635)

Related Toronto plaque
Samuel de Champlain's Journeys Through Ontario

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Penetanguishene Plaques




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