Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

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The Forty-Ninth Parallel

The Forty-Ninth Parallel

Photo by contributors Ronald Kirkbride and Murray Wilson - Posted June, 2006

The Forty-Ninth Parallel

Photo from Google Street View ©2010 Google - Posted September, 2010

Plaque Location

The District of Cochrane
The Town of Cochrane
At a picnic area on Highway 11 at 49th Parallel Road

Coordinates: N 49 00.014 W 81 01.797


Plaque Text

At this point the 49th parallel of latitude north of the equator crosses the highway. This line forms the southern boundary of the western provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and most of British Columbia. In 1818 a treaty between Great Britain and the United States designated it as the international boundary from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. Further west in the Oregon Territory a bitter dispute arose which almost precipitated war between these two nations before they agreed in 1846 to extend the boundary to the shore of the Pacific along this parallel.



Cochrane Plaques

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