Ontario's Historical Plaques 


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The Grand Portage

Grand Portage

Photo by contributor Thomas William Kirkbride - Posted March, 2006

Plaque Location

The USA
Minnesota
At the Grand Portage National Monument
in the village of Grand Portage, Minnesota, USA


Coordinates: N 47 59.735 W 89 44.108

Map

Plaque Text

Circumventing 34 km of falls and rapids, this portage ran some 14 km from this vicinity to a point upstream on the Pigeon River. It was first mentioned in 1722 by a French trader named Jean Pachot. Following its use in 1732 by La Vérendrye, it replaced the Kaministiquia Route as the canoe route to the West. About 1767 the Grand Portage became a rendezvous for Canadian fur traders and, after 1778, the North West Company's inland headquarters. By the treaty of Paris, 1783, the Portage fell within American territory. In 1803 the Company moved its headquarters to Fort Kaministiquia (Fort William), and the Pigeon River route was then abandoned.

Related Ontario plaques
The Grand Portage
Sieur de La Vérendrye 1685-1749
Great Dog Portage
The North West Company
The Kaministikwia Route
Fort William
Fort Kaministiquia 1717

More
Portages

More
Fur Trade

More
United States Plaques




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