Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

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The Buxton Settlement 1849

The Buxton Settlement 1849

Photo by Alan L Brown - Posted August, 2004

The Buxton Settlement 1849

Photo by contributor Wayne Adam - Posted September, 2011

Plaque Location

The Municipality of Chatham-Kent
On the northwest corner of Road 6 and Road 8

Coordinates: N 42 16.459 W 82 10.950


Click here for a larger map

Plaque Text

In 1849 the "Elgin Association", founded by a Presbyterian minister, the Reverend William King (1812-95), purchased 1740 ha of land in this area on which were settled freed and fugitive Negro slaves. Under King's direction the settlement prospered, and in 1851 Buxton post office, named after Sir T.F. Buxton, the British emancipator, was opened. By 1864 the community contained about 1000 persons, a combined saw and grist-mill, a brickyard and other small industries. During the U.S. Civil War seventy Buxton settlers served in the Union forces. Following that conflict a number of the settlers returned to their former homes in the United States, but descendants of those remaining still live in this region.

Another plaque at this location
William King (1812-1895)

Related Ontario plaques
The Buxton Settlement
The Underground Railroad in Canada
The Sandwich First Baptist Church
John Brown's Convention 1858
Josiah Henson (1789-1883)
Mary Ann Shadd Cary 1823-1893



Black History

Chatham-Kent Plaques

Here are the visitors' comments for this page.

> Posted November 4, 2012
You guys should read Elijah of Buxton. It takes place in Buxton Chatham and the book is very good and it has some good information about Buxton and slavery.

> Posted September 17, 2012
This is a good website for kids like us to use for projects
GA,10 years old and Sercet 20

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